Thyroid Diagnosis & Treatment

Expert explains Thyroid Diagnosis, Treatment & Common Symptoms

Thyroid Treatment

Thyroid disorders have become one of India’s most common health concerns, with an increasing number of people being diagnosed. Thyroid problems afflict 42 million Indians, with one out of every 10 men and women suffering from hypothyroidism. In India, one-third of thyroid sufferers are still unaware of their disease. Thyroid dysfunction left untreated can lead to obesity, joint pain, infertility, and heart disease. This disorder affects people of all ages, but it is more common among women. Thyroid Awareness Month is observed every January to increase awareness of the different health issues associated with the thyroid gland. Let’s take a look at some of the most prevalent thyroid problems, their symptoms, complications, and how to manage them.

Types of Thyroid

There are two common types of Thyroid

  1. Hypothyroidism

    Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a disorder in which the thyroid gland produces insufficient amounts of specific hormones.

    In the early stages of hypothyroidism, there may be no visible symptoms. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to a variety of health issues over time, including obesity, joint discomfort, infertility, and heart disease.

  2. Hyperthyroidism.

When the thyroid gland generates excess of hormone thyroxine, you have hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Hyperthyroidism causes your body’s metabolism to speed up, resulting in unexpected weight loss and a fast or irregular heartbeat. Hyperthyroidism can be treated in a variety of ways.

Some Important Facts about Thyroid

  • When amount of Thyroid Hormone decrease inside the body. This is known as Hypothyroidism.
  •  Thyroxine is taken when T3, T4 decrease in body or increase TSH with any symptom of Hypothyroidism or Positive Anti TPO antibody.
  •  Patient with Hypothyroidism usually have heat/cold intolerance, depression, fatigue, dry skin, constipation, weight gain, irregular menses.
  • Thyroid hormone is available under name of Eltroxin, Thyrox, Thyroup, Thyronorm etc. However same brand should be continued as absorption of different brands is different.
  •  Thyroxine is taken empty stomach early morning and nothing else should be taken for 20 min-30 min.
  •  If any tablet is skipped in the morning it should be taken 30 min before dinner same day or two tablets to  be taken next day. However, Patient should not make it a routine habit to take it every alternate day.
  •  Thyroid function test is to be repeated 6weekly till TSH is between 2-3 and then 6monthly and then yearly.
  •    Requirement of Thyroid hormone is increased during pregnancy. TSH should be monitored every month and dose should be titrated according.

Symptoms of Thyroid

  1. Weight changes

Unexplained weight changes can be a sign of a thyroid disorder

  • In hypothyroidism, you may gain excess weight.
  • In hyperthyroidism, you may experience sudden weight loss.
  • Not everyone with thyroid disease will have these changes.
  1. Temperature

Both forms of thyroid disease can make you temperature-sensitive.

  • In hypothyroidism you may feel cold.
  • In hyperthyroidism you may feel hot and sweaty despite a normal temperature around you.
  1. Fatigue and sleep

Sleep issues and fatigue are common with thyroid issues in spite of a good night’s rest.

Hypothyroidism can make you

  • Wake up exhausted, even after 8 hours of night sleep.
  • Take longer naps.
  1. Mental health

Depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders are common with thyroid problems.

  1. Neck or throat

Thyroid conditions can cause health problems in your neck or throat. It may lead to autoimmune thyroid disease, nodules, goiter or enlarged thyroid or thyroid cancer. This may cause swelling of the neck, trouble swallowing or breathing, a hoarse voice.

  1. Hair, skin, and nails

An imbalance in your thyroid hormones may cause changes in your hair, skin, and nails. It may lead to brittle, dry hair, severe hair loss, fine hair, brittle, thin, dull hair,

  1. Bowel habits

Thyroid conditions can cause digestion problems such as persistent constipation,  diarrhoea, loose stools, or irritable bowel syndrome.

  1. Menstruation and fertility

Thyroid conditions can increase your risk of irregular periods, infertility and may raise your risk of having miscarriages.

  1. Eye problems

Thyroid conditions can affect your eyes and may cause symptoms like dryness, blurred vision, swollen puffy eyes, or proptosis.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

You may experience muscular pains and joint discomfort, particularly in your arms and legs, if your thyroid is hyperactive. For persons with an underactive thyroid, fibromyalgia-like pain is prevalent, and you may also have carpal tunnel syndrome in your hands.

How to manage your Thyroid?

3 Doctor advised ways to manage your Thyroid:

  • Keep TSH between 2-3
  • Take Medicine Regularly
  • Monitor as Advised

Thyroid care at Smart Hospital in Ghaziabad

Meet highly trained and experienced endocrinologists at our Thyroid Clinic for a detailed diagnosis of your thyroid condition. The team is equipped with advanced thyroid care facilities to conduct thyroid profile, ultrasound, fine needle aspiration cytology, isotope scanning, radio-iodine treatment and surgery. Please find the below website link for further information:


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