Infertility rate is constantly increasing in urban areas, and it affects nearly every sixth relationship. Infertility is defined as a couple’s inability to have a child after using no contraception for a year. This could be due to either the male’s inability to contribute to conception or the female’s inability to conceive. Despite the fact that the female is frequently blamed, over half of all infertility cases are due to male-related difficulties.
Some Major Causes of Infertility
Women: Poor egg quality and reserve, ageing, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, pelvic surgery with ovaries or uterus removal, tubal obstructions, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy for malignancies are all factors that might affect egg quality and reserve.
Men: Hypogonadism, low sperm count, no sperm count in sperm, poor sperm quality, testicular infections, and ejaculation abnormalities are all symptoms of erectile dysfunction.
Here are some factors that might be increasing your infertility
Delaying Parenthood: Infertility is on the rise as more women want to have children later in life, sometimes as late as 40 years. Consequently depletion in the fertility of eggs.
Smoking: Smoking is the leading cause of infertility in recent years, and the effect is exacerbated when the woman is also a smoker.
Obesity: Change in lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits causing obesity is one of the leading causes of infertility.
Increase in Stress Levels
Increased stress levels are known to induce impotence in men, low egg quality, and erectile dysfunction, all of which contribute to infertility.
Eating disorders: causing obesity and poor general health, which can lead to infertility.
Eating disorders causing obesity and poor general health, which can lead to infertility.
Consumption of alcoholic beverages: causing erectile dysfunction, which can lead to infertility.
Lethargic Lifestyle: Excessive or insufficient exercise contributes to obesity and general sluggishness. Erectile dysfunction, on the other hand, is caused by over-exercising.
Environmental Pollution: As a result of increased exposure to toxins and chemicals, the overall quality of sperm and eggs has deteriorated.
How is Infertility Diagnosed?
Infertility is clinically diagnosed via several procedures:
- Blood tests like AMH /LH /FSH
- Ultrasound on day 2 of menstrual cycle to know the Antral follicular count (AFC)
- STD testing (HIV/HBS Ag/VDRL/HCV)
- Thyroid Function Tests
- Serum Prolactin
- Husband Semen Analysis
- Tube Test known as HSG (HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY)
What are the treatments for Infertility?
Once the cause is identified, then targeted treatment can be done, including-
- Sexual counselling for the couple
- Hormonal treatments for women
- Intrauterine insemination
- In-vitro fertilization
- Donor egg programs
In case of any query or concern related to Infertility and Women health issues, feel free to reach out to Dr Harsha Rajpal holding 10+ years of experience and specializing in fertility and women health.
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